European White Oak

European White Oak is a hard and heavy wood with medium strength properties. The heartwood is light tan to biscuit coloured, usually straight-grained, but irregular or cross-grained material can occur depending on growth conditions. Characteristic silver grain figure on quartered surfaces due to broad rays Oak has a very good steam bending classification but is liable to blue stain if in contact with iron compounds.

  • Category
    Timber, Wall Panels & Cladding , Timber Flooring

Botanical Name
Quercus robur, Ouercus petraea 

UK & Europe


Working Properties
There is a moderate to severe blunting effect on cutters, which should be kept sharp. Quartered stock requires a 20-degree or moulding angle. The wood takes waxing, liming, fuming, and polishing treatments very well.

The heartwood is durable and extremely resistant to preservative treatment, but the sapwood is permeable. The acidic nature of oak will affect metals in direct contact and cause corrosion. Non-ferrous or galvanised metals should be used.

The preponderance of tyloses in the pores of 'White Oaks' resist the passage of liquids and renders the wood ideal for the cooperage of cognac, wine and beers. For furniture, cabinet making, boat building, dock and harbour work, sea defences, railway wagons, ladder rungs, sills, thresholds, and for all purposes of exposure in contact with the ground. High-class journey, coffins, ecclesiastical work such as pews, rood screens, pulpits and carvings. flooring, vehicle board bearers and floors in trucks. Beams are produced from selected logs for restoration work in old buildings.


Dries slowly and care is needed.

Working Qualities
In general, Oak finishes well from the planer or moulder although in some cases a reduction of cutting angle to 20º may be required. The timber can be stained, polished, waxed and glued satisfactorily, Pre-boring when screwing or nailing near edges is recommended. It takes liming and fuming treatments well.

An ideal timber for many uses in boatbuilding. It is also used for high-class joinery, furniture, coffins, and ecclesiastical works such as pews, rood screens, pulpits and flooring.

Basic Info

Durability In Ground Perishable/Non Durable
Durability Above Ground Durable 

Density Air Dry 690 kg/m3 

Shrinkage Radial 5 %
Shrinkage Tangental 8 %

Mechanical Properties

Janka Hardness 5.5 kN
Modulus of Rupture 97 MPa
Modulus of Elasticity 10 GPa
Max Crush Strength 52 MPa
Strength Group unseasoned SD5

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ITI Timspec is a wholesaler supplier for the Trade. For all non-trade pricing enquiries, please contact your preferred Timber supply Merchant.
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Timspec was established in 1990 as a wholesaler of specialty timber and was wholly New Zealand owned. In March 2019 Timspec was acquired by ITI Australia and became ITI Timspec LTD.  

Today we import, export, and wholesale a huge range of timber to builders, joiners, home owners, floor layers, landscape builders and furniture manufacturers. We pride ourselves on being environmentally responsible and strive to source the most sustainable timber options available. Timber stocked includes species from North America, South America, Europe, Africa, South East Asia, Australia, and New Zealand's exotic as well as indigenous species. 

The ITI Timspec team are extremely knowledgeable about the various types of timber, treatments and uses available and are happy to help you in choosing the right product for your project.