Wall framing is the structure or panel that makes up the framing for a wall. Construction without a wall framing isn't possible, and getting the right material is important. For example, steel studs or timber wall framing, which is an excellent building material, is robust, light, and cheap at the same tim
Structural and framing tasks in construction rely on a series of load-bearing elements adequately placed and connected to support each other.
The wall framing category comprises light and heavy frame structures based on horizontal and vertical components. The role of the frame is to provide a stable enclosure for interior and exterior wall coverings. Horizontal elements, called joists, run the length of the future wall, while the vertical columns, namely “studs”, rise from them to accommodate wall panels. The joists are also incorporated to support ceilings and floors.
Platform wall framing, composed of frames placed continually on top of each other, is the conventional method of choice. It provides a stable work surface for standardised panels, making an option that is more time- and cost-efficient than using custom-cut frames.
Building framing is separated into two broad categories, heavy-framing and light-framing.
Modern light-frame structures use plywood and similar composite materials that make rigid structural panels, to properly stabilise walls. Diagonal bracing and special framed shear walls are also gaining popularity due to the demands of earthquake engineering and wind engineering.
Light framing can be divided into three principal types: western, balloon, and braced.
Heavy-frame buildings are more durable than light-framed ones and composed of elements with thicker profiles. They are commonly found as structural solutions on warehouses and similar large-span buildings. The areas between walls are usually spanned by built-up roof trusses.
Some field conditions require custom and specific structuring techniques. Those include:
Materials used in light framing are typically timber and structural steel. However, experimenting with other materials such as pre-cut aluminium brought positive results, prevalently in reducing construction costs and labour on-site.
When it comes to timber wall framing, softwoods like pine, fir, or spruce are preferred in structural framing. Wood pieces are held together with nails, nail fasteners, or screws.
Steel profiles can be rectangular, circular, or C-channeled. Steel studs are connected with pan-head framing screws, nuts and bolts.
Interior wall coverings in light-frame construction are typically done with materials like wallboard or plaster, completed with a variety of decorative wood panelling available on the market.
Exterior finishes applied to ceilings and walls include composite sheathing, plywood, stone or brick veneers, and stucco finishes.
Insulation materials for filling the cavities are fibreglass batting, cellulose filling, and recycled blends. They are commonly treated with boron additives for increased resistance to fire and pests.
Organic materials for custom framing include cob, straw bales, and adobe, suitable for both exterior and interior walls.
Wall framing works as a skeleton that holds all other elements together. Internal linings, exterior wall claddings, roofing, structural flooring, windows and doors all depend on the framing’s structural integrity.
Typically, the lightweight structure has a low thermal mass, which is an advantage in hot climates. Highly insulated, they withstand rapid weather changes - however, the overall performance varies between different types of insulation. Rigid air barriers come with a price tag but pay off in time, making a worthwhile investment that strongly affects the comfort and energy costs of running a home. Framed structures can also comply with requirements of passive solar heating, natural light and ventilation.
Framing systems can be suited to almost any design or construction style, including fully customised.
If you need assistance to find the right wall framing for your home or office, ArchiPro provides a connection to the various professionals, ready to assist with all requirements and questions. Simply click "Contact supplier" on the product's page, or visit the supplier's website directly from the product's page.